Oftentimes, individuals have questions about how Congress works. To assist answer these questions, I have put collectively an inventory of Frequently Asked Questions about the U.S. Congress. If your query just isn’t answered here, please feel free to contact me.
View the Constitution.
What does a member of Congress do?
Members of Congress signify the individuals of their district within the United States Congress by holding hearings, as well as growing and voting on legislation. All payments must move Congress earlier than they can go to the President to be signed into legislation.In order to supply the most effective representation for Michigan’s 7th District, I spend many hours every week assembly with individuals in South Central Michigan to debate my present activities in Congress and listen to their issues and ideas relating to a variety of points.
As well as, I am additionally obtainable that will help you if you’re experiencing difficulties coping with a federal company. To see how I can help you, click on right here.
What are the qualifications to run for office within the House of Representatives and Senate?
The required qualifications are found in Article 1 of the Constitution:
House of Representatives
– 25 years of age
A citizen of the United States for a minimum of 7 years
On the time of election, be a resident of the state
– 30 years of age
A citizen of the United States for 9 years
On the time of election, be a resident of the state
How many members of Congress are there?
There are a total of 535 Members of Congress. 100 serve within the U.S. Senate and 435 serve in the U.S. House of Representatives.
How lengthy do members of Congress’ phrases final?
Members of the House of Representatives serve two-12 months phrases and are considered for reelection each even yr. Senators nonetheless, serve six-year phrases and elections to the Senate are staggered over even years so that solely about 1/3 of the Senate is up for reelection throughout any election.
How many members of Congress come from every state?
Each state sends two Senators to characterize their state in the U.S. Senate. However, in the House of Representatives, a state’s illustration is predicated on its inhabitants. For instance, smaller states like Vermont and Delaware have one consultant whereas large states like California have 53 representatives.
Currently, the Michigan Congressional Delegation is composed of 14 representatives in the House and two Senators within the U.S. Senate.
How many individuals do congressmen and senators signify?
Members of the U.S. House of Representatives each signify a portion of their state generally known as a Congressional District, which averages 700,000 folks. Senators however, represent the whole state.
How do the House and Senate chambers differ?
In the House of Representatives, the majority social gathering holds important energy to draft chamber guidelines and schedule bills to achieve the floor for debate and voting. Normally, House guidelines will limit debate so that important legislation might be passed throughout one legislative enterprise day.
Within the Senate nonetheless, the majority has the power to schedule when various payments come to the flooring for voting however a single Senator can gradual laws from coming to the flooring for a vote. Since debate within the Senate is just not concluded till 60 senators vote for a cloture motion to approve a invoice for consideration, the majority should also coordinate with the minority half to set the rules for debate on laws. Under this system, legislation might be debated for one or two weeks on the Senate floor alone.
Why does Congress use the committee system?
Congress deals with a broad variety of different policy issues and it is more efficient to have work finished at the committee degree than on the House or Senate flooring. As well as, this system allows members to gain experience in specific issue areas they are focused on. Throughout historical past, committees have been created to handle particular points earlier than Congress. The House has 23 committees whereas the Senate has a complete of 20 committees.
How does a bill turn out to be a law?
Passing legislation into legislation is a complicated and lengthy process between the House and Senate earlier than the invoice is presented before the President to be signed into law. For a radical clarification of the laws course of, please see the How a Bill Becomes a Law section on the House website.
Do Members of Congress pay into the social security system?
Yes. Since January 1, 1984, all Members of Congress take part within the Social Security system and are required to pay Social Security taxes.
What sort of retirement plan do Members of Congress have?
Members of Congress who were elected after 1984 are routinely enrolled within the Federal Employees’ Retirement System (FERS). For more data on FERS, please go to the FERS handbook for details.
What sort of well being care do Members of Congress obtain?
As written into the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA, P.L. 111-205), on January 1, 2014, Members of Congress are not eligible for well being plans offered to federal government workers. They as a substitute must enroll in the District of Columbia’s Health Exchange so as to obtain employment related well being plan coverage.