A pair of legislative bills launched in the U.S. House of Representatives and Senate seek to punish the United Nations after the passage of a Security Council resolution condemning Israeli settlements in Palestinian territories.The Senate model would withhold funding until the decision is repealed. The House bill goes further and paves the way for the U.S. to leave the United Nations.
“The Security Council’s resolution is barely the latest instance of the U.N.’s long history of obsessive hostility in the direction of Israel and we should not let this shameful motion stand,” stated Sen. Ted Cruz, R-Tex., in an announcement introducing the invoice co-sponsored by Lindsey Graham, R-S.C. “Congress must hold the U.N. accountable and use our leverage as its largest contributor to push for the repeal of this resolution, making it clear to the world that Congress stands unequivocally against efforts to undermine Israel.”
Cruz and Graham’s bill prevents the U.S. from making any voluntary or assessed contributions to the U.N. till the resolution is repealed. The resolution handed with the support of 14 out of the 15 Security Council members in late December. The U.S. did not exercise its veto and was the lone abstention vote — a decision criticized by some members of Congress.
The 2 senators announced shortly after the resolution handed that they might introduce laws to punish the U.N. They made good on that promise with the bill’s introduction in mid-January. It got here forward of the switch of power from a president who vocally supported the U.N. to at least one who is skeptical. President Donald Trump expressed reservations in regards to the U.N. during his election campaign and shared more doubts after the resolution vote.
“There is such super potential, but it isn’t living up,” Trump told reporters in late December. “When do you see the United Nations solving issues? They don’t. They trigger problems. So, if it lives up to the potential, it’s an ideal factor. And if it doesn’t, it’s a waste of money and time.”
The Senate bill leverages U.S. power to undo a resolution, a nod to the importance of the establishment and need to take part.
The House invoice aims to permanently weaken the United Nations. Rep. Mike Rogers, R-Ala., and three co-sponsors quietly introduced the “American Sovereignty Restoration Act of 2017 on Jan. 3.” It repeals the United Nations Participation Act of 1945, leading the U.S. to go away the physique.
“The President shall terminate all membership by the United States in the United Nations in any organ, specialized agency, fee, or other formally affiliated body of the United Nations,” the invoice states. “The United States Mission to the United Nations is closed. Any remaining functions of such office shall not be carried out.”
All contributions would stop and the U.N.
If handed, the U.S. would depart the U.N. two years later. All contributions would stop and the U.N. can be evicted from its house in New York City. The bill additionally ends U.S. participation in the world Health Organization and enacts an throughout-the-board repeal of all U.N. conventions and agreements. Rogers characterized the U.N. as an “inefficient bureaucracy” and a “complete waste of American tax dollars” in a press release explaining the invoice.
“Why ought to the American taxpayer bankroll an international organization that works towards America’s interests all over the world?” Rogers mentioned . “The time is now to revive and protect American sovereignty and get out of the United Nations.”
The U.S. pays for roughly 22 percent of the U.N.’s annual budget. Dues for next 12 months will total around $600 million. Supporters of the worldwide physique fear that the temporary elimination of the funding would trigger brief-term hurt, however leaving the U.N. would trigger lasting injury. It might affect applications like peacekeeping efforts in South Sudan and humanitarian work in Syria.